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航空貨物輸送において、人間の健康、安全または財産や環境に害を及ぼすおそれのある物品、物質は危険物とみなされます。これらはIATAによる危険物規則書(IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations)に記載されています。

危険物規則書(DGR)は毎年IATAより改訂発行され、対象貨物における最大容量、梱包、積載法、マーキング、危険物申告書の作成責任などが明記されています。この規則書は国際連合危険物輸送勧告より派生した国際民間航空機関(International Civil Aviation Organisation) の技術指針(ICAO-TI)に基づき、全ての交通手段における危険物輸送に適用されます。

上記リストにあてはまる1件以上の危険物が運送貨物に含まれている場合、荷送人は危険物申告書の作成および署名が義務付けられています。これは荷送人が危険物輸送に関する全ての規約ならびに指示に従った事を申告する法的な書類です。書類は全て2部、IATA DGR 8.1.6 条の規定に従い作成されなければいけません。Shipper`s Declaration for Dangerous Goods





Dangerous Goods

Dangerous goods are articles or substances that are capable of posing a risk to health, safety, property or the environment, and which are shown on the list of dangerous goods in IATA Dangerous Goods Regulations or which are classified according to those Regulations.

Dangerous goods and their maximum quantities, packaging, handling, marking and documentation requirements are specified in detail in the Dangerous Goods Regulations (DGR), published annually by IATA. These regulations are based on the regulations from the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO-TI), which are in turn derived from United Nations recommendations concerning the transportation of dangerous goods for all modes of transport.

When a shipment contains one or more of the dangerous substances from the above list, the carrier requires the shipper to complete and sign a Shipper`s Declaration for Dangerous Goods. This is a legal document declaring that the shipper has complied with all relevant regulations and instructions. It must be completed in duplicate and strictly following the detailed instructions given in IATA DGR 8.1.6.

Attention! If you would like to use the form available from the link, please notify that the printout must be in colour (red white hatchings). The form can be completed by clicking each of the fields. Please move the cursor on top of the field to get a short description of the information required.


The following are classified as dangerous goods:

Class 1 - Explosive substances
Division 1.1—Articles and substances having a mass explosion hazard.
Division 1.2—Articles and substances having a projection hazard but not a mass explosion hazard.
Division 1.3—Articles and substances having a fire hazard, a minor blast hazard and/or a minor projection hazard but not a mass explosion hazard.
Division 1.4—Articles and substances presenting no significant hazard.
Division 1.5—Very insensitive substances having a mass explosion hazard.
Division 1.6—Extremely insensitive articles which do not have a mass explosion hazard.
Usually not acceptable for air transportation.
Some substances/articles in divisions 1.3 and 1.4 are acceptable.
Division 2.1—Flammable gas
Division 2.2—Non-flammable, non-toxic gas
Division 2.3—Toxic gas
Class 3 - Flammable Liquids
Division 4.1—Flammable solid
Division 4.2—Substances liable to spontaneous combustion
Division 4.3—Substances which, in contact with water, emit flammable gases.
Division 5.1—Oxidizer
Division 5.2—Organic peroxides
Division 6.1—Toxic substances
Division 6.2—Infectious substances
Class 7 - Radioactive materials
Class 8 - Corrosive substances
Class 9 - Miscellaneous dangerous goods


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